秒速牛牛正规彩票平台

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以新思维新技术破解教育评价痛点

发布日期: 2019/12/12 点击量: 1962

以新思维新技术破解教育评价痛点

作者: 曹培杰《光明日报》( 2019年12月10日 13版)

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  po“wuwei”shiyichangshiguanjiaoyushiyezhangyuanfazhandeyingzhang。zuoweiyixiangshejimianguang、fuzadugao、zonghexingqiangdexitonggongcheng,miaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaiyaobuduanchuangxinsiweifangshi,jijiliyongxinxijishupojiejiaoyupingjiade“tongdian”,niuzhuanbukexuedejiaoyupingjiadaoxiang,tuidongpingjialinian、pingjiafangshihepingjianeirongde“shengjihuandai”,weijiaoyugaozhiliangfazhanbaojiahuhang。

新技术正在成为教育评价改革的内在变量

  jiaoyupingjiajinglilemanzhangdelishifazhanguocheng。zaozaixizhoushiqi,woguojiuyijingxingchenglejiaoweiwanzhengdekaoshizhidu。《xueji》zhongjizaide“binianruxue,zhongniankaoxiao”,jiushimeigeyinianyaoduixueshengdexueyehepinxingjinxingkaocha,bingzhidingxiangyingdekaochabiaozhun。zhihou,suichaochuanglile“kaikejushi”dekejuzhidu,tongguodifangyuxuan、quanguotongkaohejujianxiangjiehedefangshilinxuanrencai,jidadichangtongleshehuijiecengdeliudongqudao,shipinhanzidi“chaoweitianshelang,mudengtianzitang”chengweikeneng,duiwoguofengjianshehuifazhanchanshengleshenyuanyingxiang。zaixifang,guxilazhexuejiacaiyongbianlun、tanhua、shijicaozuodengfangshiduixueshengjinxingkaohe。zaizheigejieduan,jiaoyupingjiazhuyaoyizhixingpingjiahuodongweizhu,yikaojiaoshijingyanhuozhuguanpanduanlaipingdingxueshengdezonghefazhanshuiping。

  suizhexiandaijiaoyuzhidudejianli,meiguojiaoyujiatailetichuleyimubiaoweidaoxiangdejiaoyupingjiayuanli,genjujiaoyumubiaobianzhishiti,duixueshengjinxingtongyiceshi,anzhaoyidingdebiaozhunduixueshengdexuexijieguojinxingpingfen。zheizhongbiaozhunhuakaoshicezhongpingjiaxueshengdezhishizhangwochengduherenzhifazhanshuiping,youxiaokefuleceshizhedezhuguanpiancha,tigaolekaoshidexiaodu。zaishijianfazhanzhong,jiaoyupingjiahaiyinruxinliceliangjishu,yongshuxuetongjifangfaduixuexijieguojinxingjingquemiaoshu,changjiandeceyanleixingyouchangmocanzhaoceyanhebiaozhuncanzhaoceyan。zaizheigejieduan,jiaoyupingjiazhuyaoyizhibiceshiweizhu,tongguobiaozhunhuakaoshilaihengliangxueshengduizhishidezhangwochengdu。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  jinnianlai,daguimojiaoyupingjiajishuriquchengshu。yijinghezuzhideguojixueshengpingguxiangmupisaweidaibiao,tajiehelexuekeceyanhexueshengbeijingxinxi(jiatingshehuijingjibeijing、xuexidongjiyucelve、xuexishijiantouru、xuexiaojiaoyuziyuan、xuexiaohebanjifenweideng),caiyongjuzhenchouyang、duocengxianxingmoxing、guizekongjianmoxingdengceliangfangfa,congduogejiaodufenxixueyechengjiuchayideyuanyin。2015nian,pisaquanmiancaiyongjisuanjiceshifangfa,binggoujianledaguimodejiaoyupingjiashujuku,zaishujuwajuejishudezhichixiajishifaxianwenti,weigeguojiaoyujuecetigongcankao。congzheigejieduan,jiaoyupingjiakaishiyinrujisuanjiceshi,mibulezhibiceshinanyiduixueshengxingweibiaoxian(ruyanyubiaodanengli、dongshoucaozuonengli、wentijiejuenenglideng)jinxingceliangdebuzu,zhongdianguanzhuxueshengdenenglibiaoxianyijixuexijieguobeihoudeyuanyinfenxi。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  muqian,jiaoyupingjiayuelaiyuezhongshixinxijishudezhongyaozuoyong,zaishijiantansuozhongxingchenglejisuanjizishiyingceyan、dianzidangandai、xuexifenxijishu、shuzihuaxiang、jiyudashujudeketangguancha、quyujiaoyuzhiliangjianceshujupingtaidengduozhongpingjiafangshi。xinjishuzhengzaichengweijiaoyupingjiagaigedeneizaibianlianghehuoxingyinzi,weipo“wuwei”dailailexindekeneng。

新技术推动教育评价理念与方式的深刻变革

  suizherengongzhineng、dashuju、qukuailiandengxinyidaixinxijishudefazhan,xinjishuzhengzaichufayichangjiaoyupingjiafangshideshenkebiange。jintian,miaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaikeyiliyongjishushouduan,duipingjiaduixiangjinxingduoweidu、quanguocheng、litishidekaocha,zaiziranqingjingzhongcaijixueshengxuexideguochengxingshuju,gaibianguoqujiaoyupingjiadekeyishezhitezheng,shixianjiaoyushujudequanguochengcaijihejiaoyujieguodeshishifankui。pingjiaxinxigengjiaduoyuan,jikeyishizongjiexingceshidekaoshifenshu,yekeyishijiluxuexiguochengdewenzi、tupian、yinpin、shipindengxuexidangan,haikeyishifanyingxueshengnenglidediaochabaogao、shougongzuopin、huodongzongjiedengxuexichengguo,shipingjiajieguogengjiaheli,dudongxueshengdezhenshichengzhang。tongguoduixueshengjinxingjingzhundeshuzihuaxiang,tigonggexinghuadejiaoyupingjiamiaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtai,gaibianchuantongpingjiaguoyuqiangdiaozhenbieyuxuanbadexianzhuang,shipingjia、tisheng、gaijinrongweiyiti。xinjishutuidongjiaoyupingjialinianyufangshidebiangebaokuo:

  diyi,jiaoyupingjiajiangcong“rongyiceliangdenengli”kuozhandao“nanyiceliangdesuyang”。jiaoyulingyuduifenshuhechengjideguoduguanzhu,guranshijiaoyugonglihuaqingxiangdebiranjieguo,danyehepingjiafangfabugouwanshanyouyidingguanxi。muqian,miaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaihaiquefayouxiaodepingjiafangfaheshouduan,zhunquehengliangxueshengdegaojirenzhijinenghefeirenzhixuexichengguo。2012nian,pisashouciyinrulejisuanjiceshi,zaijutiderenwuqingjingzhongpingguxueshengdewentijiejuenengli。2015nian,pisazaicijichushanggoujianlezhenshiderenwuqingjing,liyongjisuanjixunichengyuanyucanyucepingdexueshenghezuojiejuewenti,tongguopingjiarenwuwanchengguochenglaijianyanxueshenghezuojiejuewentinengli。weilai,jiaoyupingjiajiangcong“rongyiceliangdenengli”kuozhandao“nanyiceliangdesuyang”,tongguoshezhixinyingdeceshitixing、shewenfangshiherenwuqingjing,jianshaosijiyingbeidezhishixingkaocha,zengjianengli、suyang、siweifangshidengfangmiandekaocha,cushixueshengzhudongsikao、yongyushijian。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  dier,jiaoyupingjiajiangcong“jieguoshijiao”zhuanxiang“guochengshijiao”。pingjiabushiweilezhengming,ershiweilegaijin。meiyicidekaoshi、ceyanhepinggudoushijieduanxingzongjie,bazheixiejiedianshujuchuanlianqilaifaxianguilv,dongchaqushi,caishijiaoyupingjiadezhongdian。zaidashujujishudezhichixia,jiaoyupingjiajiangcong“jieguoshijiao”zhuanxiang“guochengshijiao”,tongguobansuishideshujucaijihezidonghuadeshujufenxi,pingguxueshengdexuexitezhengyuyoushiqianneng,weimeiyiweixueshengtigongxuexifenxibaogao,manzubutongqianzhixueshengdefazhanxuyao,bangzhutamenchixubuduandetishengziwo。

  disan,jiaoyupingjiajiangcongdanxiangdudekaoshiceyanzhuanxiangduoxiangdudezonghesuzhipingjia。ruhepingjiaxueshengdexinli、pingehegexing,yizhishijiaoyupingjiadenandian。guoqu,miaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaizhuyaocaiyongxinliliangbiaojinxingceliang,dancunzaijieshilibuzudewenti。xianzai,rengongzhinenglingyudeshenduxuexisuanfatigonglexinsilu。meiguositanfudaxuekexinsijijiaoshoushejileyizhongsuanfa,zhixuyaoyonghuzaifacebook(lianshu)shangde227gedianzanxingwei,jiunengdazhipanduanchuyonghudexinggetezheng。zheibiaoming,tongguowangluohenjikeyiduixueshengderenge、xingqu、xinlijiankangdengjinxingyugu,weiquanfangweidipingjiaxueshengtigongcankao。miaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaiyaoshanyuliyongxinxijishudeyoushi,jianlikexuedejiaoyuzhiliangpingjiatixi,buzaiyongtongyibachizihengliangsuoyouxuesheng,bapinde、shenxinfazhanshuiping、xingqutezhangyangchengdengzuoweijiaoyupingjiadezhuyaoneirong,duibutongxueshengshixingchabiehuapingjia,gulixueshengfazhantezhang。

教育评价从散点式的成绩记录转向全景式的数据采集

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  guoqu,jiaoyupingjiayilaiyuxueshengdekaoshifenshuhuochouyangdejiemianshuju,gengduoshifanyingjingtaishishihejitidepingjunshuiping。weilai,zaixinjishudezhichixia,jiaoyupingjiajiangcongsandianshidechengjijiluzhuanxiangquanjingshideshujucaiji,tongguoxueshengxuexi、jiaoshijiaoxue、xuexiaofazhandedashuju,miaoshuxueshengchengzhanghejiaoyufazhandedongtaiguocheng,faxiangongxingbeihoudegexingtezhengyijigeyaosudeneizaiguanlian,cujinxueshengfazhanhejiaoyugaijin。

  yishiliyongxuexifenxijishujianlixueximoxing,shoujixueshengxuexideguochengxingshuju,tigongkeshihuade“xuexitijianbiao”,quanmianzhanxianxueshengdezhishijiegou、nenglibiaoxian、neizaiqiannengdengfangmiandeshuju,bingduikenengchuxiandexuexikunnanjinxingyujinghezhenduan,bangzhulaoshizhunquebawoxueshengdexuexijinzhanherenzhitezheng,weixueshengtigongzuiyouhuaxuexifangan。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  ershiliyongqukuailianjishukaizhanfenbushixuexijilu,jianlixueshengdegerenxuexichengzhangdangan,renzhengxueshengdeduoyanghuaxuexichengjiu,zhongdiankaochaxueshengdefeirenzhinenglifazhan,youxiaofangzhishujudiushihuobeieyicuangai,zhulijiejuexueshengzonghesuzhipingjiazhongcunzaidexinrenwenti。

  sanshiliyongkuameitizhinengjishu,tansuokaizhanmonifangzhen、jiaoyuyouxi、xunirenwuchangjing、xiezuoxuexihuanjingdengxinxingpingjiafangshi,tupochuantongpingjiaduifenshudejueduiguanzhu,zhongdiankaochaxueshengjiejueshijiwentidenengli。yindaoxingyeqiye、zhuanyejigou、shehuizuzhidengliyixiangguanfanggongtongcanyujiaoyupingjia,tuidongkaoshineirongyupingjiafangshidezhengtizhuanxing,shirencaipeiyanggengjiatieheshehuixuqiu,tigaorencaipeiyangdeshehuiqihedu。

  sishiliyongdaguimodeketangguanchajishu,duifeijiegouhuadeketangxingweishujujinxingfenxi,baokuojiaoshitiwenleixing、xueshenghuidafangshi、shishengduihuashendudeng,quanfangweitoushixuexiaodeketangshishishuiping,tilianyouxiujiaoshideshijianxingjingyan,cujinjiaoshiyinxingzhishigongxiang,shixianxinxijishuzhichixiadejiaoshijiaosezhuanxinghejiaoxuenenglitisheng。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  wushiliyongkechuandaiyundongshebei,baokuozhinengshouhuan、zhinengshoubiao、zhinengyundongzhuangbeideng,caijigerenyundongjishentijiankangshuju,jishifaxianxueshengzaitizhijiankang、yundongjinengdengfangmiancunzaidewenti,tigonggexinghuadegaijinfangan,congershixianbansuichengzhangquanguochengdexingchengxingpingjia。

秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  liushiliyongdashujujishutigaojiaoyuzhilixiandaihuashuiping,tongguoquanyangben、quanguocheng、duomotaideshujucaiji,huijuxingchengquyujiaoyudashuju,baokuoxueshengchengzhangshuju、xuexiaoyunxingshuju、jiaoyuziyuanpeizhiqingkuang、puzhixuexiaoguimojiegoudeng,bangzhuguanlizhehuodechaoyuegetihuojubudedongchali,tigaojiaoyujuecedezhenduixing、lingminxinghekexuexing,nulimanzurenminqunzhongduiduoyanghuagaozhiliangjiaoyudexuqiu。

  (作者: 曹培杰,系中国教育科学研究院副研究员)

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