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高校如何实现多元化筹资办学

发布日期: 2019/12/11 点击量: 1496

高校如何实现多元化筹资办学

作者: 杨维东《光明日报》( 2019年12月10日 15版)

guangmingtupian/shijuezhongguo

  【教育透视】

编者按

  实现高等教育内涵式发展,是我国从高等教育大国向高等教育强国迈进的必由之路。而这离不开持续的资源供给,需要多渠道的资金保障。有力的资金保障使我国高教事业取得了显著的发展成就,为经济社会持续健康发展作出了重要贡献。但是如果过度依赖财政资金,高校办学也会产生惰性。如何实现多元化筹资,吸纳更宽泛的资源投入,对于走向高等教育强国的中国大学而言,无疑是一个重大的考验。

  zongguanshijiegaojiaofazhanguiji,chongzudejingfeitourushiyiguogaodengjiaoyukechixufazhandexianjuetiaojian。xinzhongguochengliqishinianlai,tebieshigaigekaifangsishiduonianlai,woguozhengfuduigaodengjiaoyudetouruzhunianzengjia,2018nianquanguojiaoyujingfeizongtourudadaole4.6wanyiyuanguimo,qizhonggaodengjiaoyutouruzhanbichaoguosifenzhiyi。tongshimiaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaiyeyingkandao,muqiandegaodengjiaoyuzizhumoshizhongcaizhengtourubiliguogao,gaoxiaochouziqudaoguoyudanyi。zheixuyaoyinqigegaoxiaodejijiguanzhu。eryigetupofangxiang,jiushinulishixianduoyuanchouzi,xiyinshehuiziyuangengduogenggaoxiaotourugaodengjiaoyuxitong。

高校发展过度依赖财政资金

  jiaoyujingfeinianjianxianshi,2013-2017nian,woguogaodengjiaoyuzongtouruzhongcaizhengxingjingfeizhanbipingjunzai60%yishang,zhongyanggaoxiaozhanbigengshichaoguole65%。ciwai,jinjiniansuizhezhengfugaodengjiaoyujingfeitouruderiyizengjia,caizhengjingfeizhanbichengxianchuzhunianshangshengdequshi,feicaizhengshourudezhanbizebuduanxiajiang。ruguobaxuefeishourudengshiyexingshourukaolvzainei,caizhengtouruyushiyexingshouruliangxianghejizhanbichaoguole94%,shehuijuanzeng、minbanxuexiaojubanzhetouruyuqitashourusanxianghejizhanbibuzu6%。zheiyifangmianshuominglewoguoduigaodengjiaoyushiyedegaoduzhongshi,lingyifangmian,caizhengzhanbiguogaoxianxiangyezaochenglegaoxiaoduicaizhengzijindeguoduyilai,zaiyidingchengdushangdijianlegaoxiaoduoyuanhuachouzidongli。

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与世界一流大学相比,我国高校筹资实践还存差距

  duicaizhengzijindeguoduyilai,chengweiwoguogaodengjiaoyuqiangguomiaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaideyikuaiduanban。gaodengjiaoyulingyudeguojijingzheng,qujueyuyiguodejingjifazhanshuipingyuguojiadehexinjingzhengli,yequjueyubanxueziyuandeduogua。kaifang、hezuo、duoyuanchoucuobanxueziyuan,yijingchengweishijieyiliudaxuedetongxingzuofa。zaihafodaxue2017-2018cainian52yimeiyuanzongshourudangzhong,touzishouyi、xuefei、keyanxiangmu、dangniankeyongjuanzeng、qitashourufenbiezhanbiwei35%、21%、18%、9%、17%,2017-2018cainiangelunbiyadaxueniandushourudangzhong,yixuezhongxinshouru、xuefei、zhengfuxiangmu、touzishouyi、shehuijuanzengfenbiezhanbi25%、23%、19%、13%、13%,zijinlaiyuanqudaoxiangduijunheng。zaiyixianggangzhongwendaxueweili,zhengfuzizhu、xuefei、juanzeng、touzishouyi、fuzhusheshishoufei、qitashourufenbiezhanbiwei51.7%、22.2%、7.7%、8.8%、3.2%、6.4%,jifanyinglecaizhengzijindezhudaozuoyongyudaxuegongbanxingzhi,yetixianlezijinlaiyuanqudaodeduoyuanxing。

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多元化筹资,中国高校的新命题

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秒速牛牛正规彩票平台  zaichongfenfahuicaizhengjingfeiyindaozuoyongdeqiantixia,nengfoutongguoduoyuanhuachouzifangshituokuanzijinlaiyuanqudao,jinyibuwanshanyizhengfutouruweizhu、duoqudaochoujijiaoyujingfeidetourutizhi,guanhugaodengjiaoyuneihanshifazhanchengxiao,yeguanhujiaoyuqiangguomiaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaijincheng。weiyouweiyuchoumou,tiqianmouhuahaotourumoshigongjicejiegouxinggaige,yindaogaoxiaotigaocunliangziyuanpeizhixiaolv,tongshitongguoduoyuanhuachouzijijituozhanzengliangziyuan,buzexiliu,huijubaichuan,xiyinfangfangmianmiandeliliangzhichigaojiaoshiye,cainengtuidonggaodengjiaoyuqiangguomiaosuniuniuzhengguicaipiaopingtaixingwenzhiyuan。

  (作者: 杨维东,系华北电力大学教育基金研究中心副主任、中国人民大学公共治理研究院研究员)

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